Females have a plethora of options when it comes to birth control, not just “the pill”. The pill has several pesky side effects like spotting, weight gain, and headaches. There are other less-known options available. Here are a few!
- The patch is also known as Ortho Evra. The patch, like a band-aid, is applied to the skin of the arms, legs, back, or buttocks once a week for three weeks of the month. In the fourth week, the user doesn’t apply a patch to allow menstruation to occur. The patch releases chemicals like progesterone into the skin. The patch prevents acne, headaches, cramps, and (get this) pregnancy! The patch is 99% effective when used properly.
- Birth control injections are effective for up to three months at a time. The shot contains hormones that cause the cervical mucus to thicken. The birth control injection also keeps the eggs in the ovaries. Birth control injections are 99% effective. To obtain birth control injections, you’ll need a prescription from a healthcare provider following a medical exam. The shots must then be injected by a doctor.
- An IUD or intrauterine device is a plastic “T” shaped piece that releases small amounts of progesterone to prevent pregnancy. Once removed, the ability to become pregnant immediately returns. An IUD is 99% effective and can last up to ten years!
- Diaphragms are small, dome-shaped piece of silicone that is inserted to cover the cervix. This dome covers the entry to the cervix, which prevents sperm from ever reaching the egg. The effectiveness of a diaphragm is increased when paired with spermicide. This inexpensive, one-time purchase is comfortable for both partners.
- The birth control implant is a small stick that is implanted by a doctor in the upper arm. The implant will stay effective in preventing pregnancy for up to 3 years. The implant requires no medication and can be safe for women who cannot use estrogen. The Implant is 99% effective and can be removed at any time if you decide you would like to get pregnant.
For further direction regarding pregnancy, gynecology, and fertility, come to Peoria OBGYN. Our staff will answer any questions or concerns you might have.